Janice Lai’s Online Classroom

When I was young, I thought learning is a task. I did well so as to gain compliments and acknowledgements. It was like a game. And to win the game, I followed rules and instructions, I worked attentively, I persevered until I attained my goals. ‘If exam is a game, these are my rules’–no, I didn’t write a list of rules for exams; yes, those rules are in my blood and bones.
Later on, my concept of learning has changed. Learning, to me, becomes my interest. I simply want to know more. Asking ‘why’, ‘what’ and ‘how’ has become my habit. Like when I see ‘organic’ cosmetic products in shops, I ask ‘Why do people prefer organic products?’ Then I further ask myself, ‘So what actually are the ingredients of all those “organic” products?’ followed with another question, ‘Is it possible for me to “DIY” organic cosmetic products myself?’ After weeks of research on organic cosmetic products, I’ve finally figured out a cheap and easy way to make organic lip balm, soap, etc, which are healthy, natural and environmentally friendly. I keep making them and giving them out to my family and friends.
Learning is actually something like this. We are curious. We ask questions. We try, make mistakes and try again. At the end, the knowledge becomes ours.
Never stop learning. Be ready when your chance comes. Janice Lai
Learning English as a second language is the same thing. Before you start seriously learning English, before you read my following learning tips and stuff, ask yourself three very important questions– (1) ‘WHY am I learning English?’ (2) ‘WHAT exactly do I want to achieve? Be able to read all kinds of texts in English? Be able to express in English? Get good results in the public exams?’ and lastly (3) ‘How am I going to achieve my goals?’
As a highly effective and passionate learner myself, my page highlights some effective ways to learn English with the following features:

Let’s Learn English!

Learning English has never been easier. Follow me!

Which is the most important?


「學習資源」搜集了各種網上資源,讓同學輕鬆找到自己喜歡的學習平台。 去尋寶吧!




Practice makes perfect.
Mock practice, English workshops, online classrooms, and marking services will be provided soon. Stay tuned!

Online Classroom / 網上教室 🙂

Grammar / 英文文法

Exam Skills / 考試技考 🙂

HKDSE English Paper 1

Candidates attempting Parts A (10%) and B2 (the more difficult section, 10%) will be able to attain the full range of possible levels,
while Level 4 will be the highest level attainable by candidates attempting Parts A (10%) and B1(the easier section, 10%).


multiple-choice items,
short responses and
more extended open-ended responses.

1. Editorials / newspaper articles
2. Feature articles
3. Excerpt from novels, short stories, poems
4. Personal recounts, interviews
5. Book reviews / reports, film reviews, etc
1. 利用文章的題目去找尋要點。
2. 注意文章重複的、大楷的、斜體的或粗體的詞/片語。
3. 略讀passage的第一句和最後一句。不過,要說明,題旨有時不在first and last sentences。
Writer’s Attitude:
Pride / Negative / Irritated / Pessimistic / Understanding / Neutral / Reassuring / Defensive / Positive / Witty / Satirical / Straightforward / Cheerful / Complimentary / Gloomy / Hopeful / Apologetic / Humorous / Critical / Playful / Insecure / Sincere / Disrespectful / Sarcastic / Optimistic / Ironic / Indifferent / Pessimistic / Insincere / Authoritative / Threatening / Melancholy / Firm / Sympathetic
Step 1: Predicting
> Read the title to predict what the text is about.
> Glance through the questions to predict what you are going to look for as answers.

Step 2: Skimming
> Skim the headings, subheadings, topic sentences, the first and the last paragraph to have a rough idea of what each paragraph is about, so that you can locate some specific information easier later.

Step 3: Scanning
> Read the questions. Highlight the specific requirement and key words. Scan the related paragraph(s) (which you should probably know after skimming).
> Find words or phrases in the text(s) that are about the key words of the question. Read the approximate part intensively to look for the answer.

Multiple Choices, circling, underlining, etc.
1. Read the question carefully and circle the key words (e.g. the question word, the quoted words, the line numbers, etc.)
2. Read the options carefully. Distinguish between similar options (e.g. the differences in the use of tenses, pronouns, prepositions, nouns, etc.)
3. Do not regard an option as the answer immediately even the words in it appear in the reading passage. The answer may not use the same wording as in the reading passage.
4. Be careful of words that are negative or of double negations. They may affect your judgment in choosing the answer.
5. Use the method of elimination to cross out the options that are incorrect. The remaining option is likely the answer.
6. If the question is a cloze or asks for the meaning of a word / expression, you can use the method of substitution . Replace the blank or the word / expression with the options one by one. The one that best fits the context is likely the answer.
True / false / not stated
1. Read the instruction carefully to ensure how many kinds of symbols are available and what are they representing.
2. Read the statements carefully and circle the key words (e.g. nouns, verbs, adjectives. etc. that tell specific information).
3. Scan the lines specified for the key words in the sentence from the text.
4. Change the key word into the correct form (e.g. part of speech, tense, singular / plural, etc.) after you have found it from the text.
5. The answers are often not obtained directly in the text; you need to make inferences based on the information of the text.
1. Read the instruction carefully to find out what to put as the answers (e.g. letter, number, name, etc.)
2. Read the statement / reply carefully and circle the key words (e.g. nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. that tell specific information).
3. Figure out what the pronouns (e.g. ‘we’, ‘I’, ‘you’, etc.) refer to and the main idea of the statement / reply (e.g. writer’s stance, attitude, etc.).
4. Scan the text for the key words that are relevant to the statement / reply.
5. Read the related part in the text carefully to figure out its main idea.
6. Check to see which statement / reply can logically match the text.
Table / box completion
1. Read the table carefully to understand what each column and row represent.
2. Look at the examples provided to have an idea of suitable format (e.g. phrase, sentence) and length of the answers.
3. Scan the text for the key words based on the headings of the columns or rows.
4. Make sure the answer is in the correct part of speech. (e.g. If the example in the same column is a noun phrase, most likely you should also write your answer as a noun phrase.)
Short answer
1. Read the question carefully to see how many items you have to write.
2. Read the question carefully to see if there is a word limit. Sometimes the hint can be underlined, shown in capital letters or in bold font.
3. Circle the key words in the question. (e.g. the question word, the quoted words, the line numbers, etc.)
4. Scan the text for answers based on the key words in the question.
Open-ended question
1. Open-ended questions test your creativity and critical thinking skills. Answers cannot be obtained directly so you need to infer the answer based on the information given in the text.
2. Read the question carefully and circle the key words (e.g. the question word, the quoted words, the line numbers, etc.)
3. Predict the number of points you need to answer by referring to the marks indicated in brackets. Each point usually carries 1 mark.
4. Scan the related part in the text to get the idea of how the writer describes the issue in the question and how the writer and related parties feel.
5. Based on the main idea you have got, express your own thoughts and provide reasonable supporting details which are usually found near the key words of the question.
6. Sometimes correct grammar carries 1 mark, so you need to check the grammatical structure of your answer and make sure it is in complete sentences.
1. Understand the way of making corrections (e.g. underlining, crossing out the inappropriate word, rewriting above the words underlined or crossed out) and hints given (e.g. only 1 mistake on each line, mistakes in language or content).
2. Pay attention if there are correct lines which require you to put a tick.
3. To check the content, scan the text for the key words of a specific line. Read the reading text carefully to check what is different from the line.
4. To check the language, pay attention to the part of speech, tense and collocation of each word.
5. Do not read a single line only when proofreading, especially if it is in a paragraph. Comprehend the whole paragraph and read the lines before and after.
2 Identifying the main idea / theme
Answer these questions near the end of the whole part because you may need to read the whole text or certain paragraphs before you answer these questions.
1. Read the options first and distinguish the differences between them.
2. Skim the heading, subheadings, topic sentences and the first and last paragraphs to get the main idea of the whole text.
3. Choose the option which describes the main idea of the whole text. Do not choose the ones which describe only the main ideas of specific parts of the text.
4. Use the method of elimination to narrow down the number of choices. First eliminate the irrelevant choices, then the choices which are not fully applicable to the whole text, to make the most possible choices stand out.
Locating explicit information
You are often asked about names, numbers, things or words that appear in the text. This question type is easier as you can often get the answers directly from the text.
1. Circle the key words in the question and options (if any) first.
2. Skim the heading, subheadings, topic sentences and the first and last paragraphs of the text to look for these key words.
Making references
You may be asked to identify what a pronoun refers to. You need to look for the answer in the lines before and after the reference word.
1. Prepare what you should look for by determining whether the pronoun is a person or thing and singular or plural.
2. Read the sentence containing the pronoun and the sentences before and after it to look for a word or phrase that the pronoun probably refers to.
3. You answer must make sense and be grammatically correct when being substituted for the pronoun.
Making inferences
The answers of this question type are often not explicitly stated in the text. This question type is more difficult as you need to infer the answers based on the information in the text, your personal experience and your knowledge.
1. Read the question carefully to understand what information is needed.
2. Read the speeches carefully and get the main idea. Pay attention to the tone and attitude.
3. Skim the text and pay attention when you come across any person mentioned. Check if these people would say something like those in the speeches in their situations.
4. Find out the information about the person in the text that supports your answer.
Understanding the meaning of vocabulary or figurative language
You are often asked about the meaning of unfamiliar words, or to find out words or expressions in the text that are similar to or opposite to the meaning of the given words.
1. Find out the number and part of speech of the given word(s) or phrases(s).
2. Locate the word or phrase that has a similar or opposite meaning in the specified part of the text.
3. When dealing with synonyms, try to substitute the given word(s) in the question for your choice of word(s) in the text and see if the grammatical structure is correct and the context makes sense.
4. Read the lines before and after to infer the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Identifying and evaluating values and attitudes
You may be asked about the attitude and tone of a person in the text. You can infer the answers from the choice of words in the text.
1. Answer these questions near the end of the whole part because you may need to read the whole text before you answer these questions.
2. Pay attention to the adjectives and verbs that describe feelings as well as punctuations which reveal emotions (e.g. exclamation marks, question marks)
3. Pay attention to the question to see whether you need to read specific paragraph(s) or the whole text so as not to waste time on irrelevant paragraphs.
Understanding the grammar
This question type mainly assesses your grammar, so you need to be familiar with grammatical structures. Sometimes you can answer without referring to the information in the text.
1. Identify the part of speech (and also the tense if it is a verb) of the blank by reading the words before and after.
2. After you have found a possible answer, substitute it in the blank to see whether it fits the grammatical structure and context.
About the exam format
1. Allocate your time wisely and leave enough time to do each part.
2. Read the instructions carefully as there are various question types and formats. Never assume that they are exactly the same as what you have seen.
About answering:
3. Pay attention to grammar, especially subject-verb agreement and collocations.
4. Do not choose and option simply because the same wording appears in the text. There can be distractors in both the text and questions.
5. Use your language and generalise your answer when dealing with open-ended questions. Do not copy a big chunk of words from the text.
6. Move on to other questions when you are unsure of the answer. You may mark down your thoughts and come back later.
After answering:
7. Check the answers and avoid careless mistakes. You should check if you have:
> written another word for the word you have erased or crossed out.
> written your answers in correct grammar.
> answered all questions.

HKDSE English Paper 2

Part A (10%)
The task in this part will be a short, guided one (about 200 words).
Part B (15%)
The task in this part will be longer and more open-ended (about 400 words). Candidates can choose one out of eight questions.


Part B (electives)
Learning English through:
1. social issues
2. workplace communication
3. popular culture
4. sport communication
5. short stories
6. poems and songs
7. drama
8. debating

1. Audience (讀者): The intended readership of the text
2. Register (意識): A speech variety used by a particular group of people. It can distinguish itself by specialized lexis and grammatical structures (e.g. legal English, language used by football fans etc).
3. Tone (語氣): Variation in a person’s writing. This can vary in several ways (e.g. on the impolite-polite parameter, on the serious-humorous parameter, depending on context of interaction).
4. Style (樣式/風格): Variation in a person’s writing. It usually varies on the informal-formal parameter, depending on context of interaction.
5. Genre (體裁): A written communicative event with recognisable characteristics. These will depend on: the purpose of writing; who the author and the audience is and their relation; text conventions etc.
(e.g. recipe, incident report, research article, business letter replying to a complaint)
6. Format(格式): A written communicative event with its own restrictions and conventions (e.g. a letter, a story).
7. Coherent (連貫): The property a text has when the content is structured in a logical and recognizable
8. Relevance (相關性): the degree to which the writing is related to the question
How to choose the right question in Part B?
Underline the key points of the question to see what and how much information is needed. Before you choose the question, check if you can tick all of the following:
[ ] I understand what the question asks me to write.
[ ] I’m familiar with the genre and text-type.
[ ] I have enough ideas and examples in real life.
[ ] I have sufficient vocabulary to express my ideas.
[ ] I’m interested in and familiar with the topic.
[ ] I’m confident that I can perform best in this question.
1. The opening
Pinpoint the main theme and capture the markers’ interest in the opening by:
> Asking questions
> Stating the purpose
> Quoting something said by famous people
> Using a real example / a case study
The main body
> You should focus on one idea or aspect with relevant supporting details in one paragraph in order to make your writing better organised.
> Put the most important point in the beginning part of an essay.
> Write in chronological order or narrate from the end when writing a story.
The closing
To impress the markers, polish your writing by:
> Restating your views
> Using figurative language
> Telling the moral of the story and your feeling
> Generalising the significance of the content in previous paragraphs.

A paragraph should consist of a topic sentence and supporting details.
1. Topic sentences
Write a clear topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph to convey the general idea of the paragraph.

2. Supporting details
Back up your ideas with supporting details
The following are three kinds of commonly used supporting details:
> Elaboration (=How?): further develop your ideas by giving more details
> Explanation (=Why?): give causes of or reasons for the issue mentioned.
> Examples / figures (=Who?/What?): quote examples or figures in real life.
Quoting specific parties involved and exact figures can make your ideas more convincing.

Showing cause and effect
(i) because / since / as / due to / because of / thanks to
(ii) as a result / so / thus / therefore / consequently
> Many angry citizens are demonstrating on the street because / as / since a law which may threaten personal privacy has been passed.
> My brother suffers from obesity. Thus / Therefore / As a result / Consequently, our mum now cooks with less sugar and oil.
> Many local citizens migrate to foreign countries doe to / because of the problem of overcrowding in Hong Kong.
Showing purpose
(1) in order (not) to / so as (not) to / for / to
> Social workers spend nights on the streets guiding and assisting socially withdrawn teenagers in order to / so as to bring them back to the right track.
> Keep an eye on your belongings in order not to / so as not to become the target of pickpockets.
> The athletes practise hard for winning the champion.
> Many men buy flowers to please women on Valentine’s Day.
Adding information
(i) together with / as well as / and
(ii) moreover / furthermore / besides
(iii) not only…but also
> Two men, as well as / together with a child, were injured in the car crash.
> Moreover / Furthermore / Besides, an old woman was killed in the accident.
> The celebrity not only donates his old clothes but also regularly visits elderly homes.
Showing contrast
(i) although / though / even though / in spite of / despite (the fact that) / even if
(ii) but / yet / however / nonetheless / nevertheless
(iii) while / whereas
(iv) on the contrary / contrarily
> Although / Though / Even though he is rich, he is not happy because his parents seldom stay with him.
> Even if I have no money, I will never steal from others.
> Many parents force their children to participate in different extra-curricular activities, but their children do not want to.
> Many students blame the education system for emphasising exam performances. However / Yet / Nevertheless / Nonetheless, it remains unchanged.
> Despite / In spite of the mistakes she has made, she never admits her own faults.
> She didn’t further her studies. On the contrary / Contrarily, she started working as a waitress due to her family’s difficult financial situation.
> We are lucky to enjoy different kinds of food every day while / whereas many people in the third world countries starve to death.
Showing sequence
(i) first / firstly / in the first place
(ii) second / secondly / in the second place
(iii) third / thirdly / in the third place
(iv) then / next
(v) finally
> First / Firstly / In the first place, we should use less plastic bags as they are not degradable.
> Second / Secondly / In the second place / Next, we should make good use of the recycling bins.
> Third / Thirdly / In the third place / Finally, we should spread these messages to our friends and family members.
Showing similarity
(i) similarly / likewise / on the whole / all in all
> Smoking is banned in school. Similarly / Likewise, drinking is also prohibited.
Summing up ideas
(i) to sum up / in conclusion / to conclude / in short / in summary / to be brief / on the whole / all in all
> In conclusion / To sum up / To conclude / In short / To be brief / In summary / On the whole / All in all, there are many things we can do to make the world cleaner.
Using more vocabulary of the specific topic
Show your understanding on the topic by using specific vocabulary
e.g. When writing about environmental problems, use technical terms like ‘greenhouse gases’, ‘global warming’, ‘human activities’, ‘commercial logging’, ‘recycling’, etc.
Avoiding repetition
Do not use the same word over and over again. Rewrite it by:
> Paraphrase
e.g. Hong Kong = Shoppers’ Paradise = global financial hub
e.g. the Primary One student = the 6-year-old = the child
> Use synonyms
e.g. important = significant = crucial = essential
Enriching description
Use adjectives and adverbs to describe in details.
e.g. Most tourists like the scenery of Hong Kong.
–> Most tourists like the magnificent and fascinating scenery of Hong Kong.
e.g. The chairperson believes that the issue should be discussed as soon as possible.
–> The chairperson strongly believes that the issue should be discussed as soon as possible.
Improving language
Use figurative language, such as a simile and a metaphor, to polish your writing.
e.g. Mary recalled having been a drug addict. The experience was really bad.
–> …was like a nightmare. (simile)
e.g. Life is full of challenges, but as long as you have good companions, you don’t have to be afraid.
–> Life is a winding road, but… (metaphor)
Following instructions
1. Are there enough words?
2. Have I only used the name provided in the questions and instructions to identify myself and o the characters?
3. Have I written down the question number in the Question-Answer Book?
4. Is the content relevant to the topic?
5. have I written all the aspects I am asked to write?
6. Are the main ideas of each point clear?
7. Does anything need more explanation?
8. Are the point of view and target audience correct?
9. Is the tense used appropriate and correct?
10. Are the punctuation and grammar correct?
11. Have I used different words to express the same things or ideas?
12. Are the tone and mood appropriate?
13. Are the paragraphs appropriately linked by cohesive devices?
14. Is the format appropriate for the genre and text type?
15. Do I need to add a title?

HKDSE English Paper 3

Candidates attempting Parts A (15%) and B2 (the more difficult section, 15%) will be able to attain the full range of possible levels,
while Level 4 will be the highest level attainable by candidates attempting Parts A (15%) and B1(the easier section, 15%).



Part A, the compulsory section, will consist of a variety of listening tasks.

Parts B1 and B2 will comprise integrated listening/reading and writing tasks of different levels of difficulty based on the same theme.

1. Covers all Data File instructions
2. Locates and transfers from transcript, spoken
text and graphic information
3. Evaluates letter of complaint and feedback from studio audience completely and relevantly
4. Embedding/emphatic structures/repetition/ acknowledgement-response patterns
5. Connective phrases/words/logical organization of ideas in paragraphs
Understand the situation
Understand who you are and the background of completing the tasks.
e.g. Situation: You are Chris Wong …
Understand the tasks
You will be given 2 minutes to read the tasks before the recording starts. Utilise the time to familiarise yourself with the tasks.
1. Circle or underline the key words.
> Grasp the focus of the question and predict the answer.
> When you listen, pay attention to the words related to time and purpose such as ‘in order to’, ‘for’, etc.
2. Be familiar with the tables
> Make sure that you know what the row and column headings are before listening for what you are going to write.
> Observe the example given (if any) and follow the pattern.
> In the above table, you should write point-form phrases in the remaining box. As the answers of the bottom question are divided into (i) and (ii), you should be prepared to listen for two answers.
Memorise common vocabulary in listening tasks before the exam
Some vocabulary items are commonly used in recordings. Be familiar with these items so that you knows how to spell them out when necessary.
e.g. shapes, appearances, patterns, numbers, names of places, names of people
Use abbreviations and symbols
Abbreviations and symbols can help you jot notes faster, but don’t forget to turn them into original form when tidying up your answers.
2 Listen for the main idea or supporting details
Distinguish between main ideas and supporting details as you may be asked to write down either of them. When you are asked to write down the main idea, write down only the most important idea / message.

1. Pay attention to the verbal cues when you need to judge the speaker’s attitude or feeling towards something (positive, negative, or neutral).

2. Pay attention to the speaker’s tone and pitch which reflects his / her attitude.

1. Some connectives represent a change of idea which often affect the answers:
(i) although, despite, in spite of
(ii) but, however, yet
2. Words that are repeated or spelt out are usually the answers or hints guiding you infer the answers.
3. The speaker may correct what he or she has said previously, so you have to change your answer accordingly. Pay attention to these phrases:
(i) Oh, sorry, wait…
(ii) Let me correct myself…
(iii) No, it should be…

1 Pay attention to pronouns, possessive adjectives and verbs
Remember to change the pronouns, possessive adjectives or verbs when necessary.

2 Beware of parts of speech
The part of speech of the answer and that of what the speaker says may not always be the same.
e.g. Extract from the tapescript:
Interviewee, ‘I am from America.’
–> nationality: American

Understand the instruction of each task
Scan the Question-Answer Book to understand the instruction of each task. Look for the information only on relevant pages of the Data File as specified in the Question-Answer Book to complete each task.
Read writing guidelines carefully
1. The writing guidelines of each task often appear in the material(s) at the beginning part of each Section in the Data File. You must scan them carefully.
2. After identifying the writing guidelines, highlight each piece of information needed (numbering is a good way).
3. Later, locate and highlight the related points on the Data File by using the same set of markings, so that you can organise your ideas better and make it easier to check if you have missed any points.

Locate relevant information in the Data File
After grasping the writing guidelines, scan the designated pages in the Data File for information.
1. Skim through the Data File
Skim through all the information once and focus on the headings, subheadings, titles, topic sentences, the first and the last paragraphs to have a general idea.
2. Scan through the Data File
Scan the Data File for key words and phrases, such as names, titles, numbers, time, instructions. Highlight them with a consistent set of markings for easy reference.
4 Read graphs, charts and tables in the Data File
1. When given graphs and charts, pay attention to the following:
> the heading and the key
> the category with the highest / lowest number
> the categories in ascending / descending order
> the trend (increase, decrease, steady)
and draw accurate conclusions from your observation.
e.g. Pie chart / line graph / bar chart

2. Sometimes you may need to obtain information for the task by doing calculations from the data.

1 Writing formats
You should be familiar with the details of different writing formats. For example, in formal letters:
> Use ‘Yours faithfully’ instead of ‘Yours sincerely’ as the complimentary close when do not know the name of the recipient.
> Even though you know the full name of the recipient, do not write his or her full name but only surname, e.g. ‘Dear Mrs Wong’ (x Dear Mrs Jane Wong).

2 Organisation of points
Organise your points based on the writing guidelines:
> Divide them into paragraphs appropriately.
> Add connectives to show linkages between paragraphs.

3 Conciseness, language and tone
> Avoid copying large chunks from the Data File.
> Use suitable language or your own wordings. After locating the suitable information in the Data File, change the form of words (e.g. verbs and pronouns) in necessary.
> Decide the tone of your writing based on the situation. Use words and expressions that suit the tone.

1. Are all points relevant to the topic:
2. Have I written all the aspects I am asked to write?
Tone and style
3. Is the format appropriate for the genre and text type?
4. Are the tone and mood appropriate?
Are the point of view and target audience correct?

6. Are the punctuation and grammar correct, e.g. tenses, pronouns?
7. Are the spellings correct?
8. Have I used my own words and avoided copying large chunks from the Data File?
Readability and coherence
9. Is the writing neat and concise?
10. Have I organised the points and divide them into paragraphs appropriately?
11. Are the paragraphs appropriately linked by cohesive devices?

HKDSE Paper 4

PartA Group Interaction (preparation: 10 minutes; discussion: 8 minutes per group of four candidates)
Four candidates will be grouped together and will take part in a group discussion based on a given short text. These texts may include advertisements, book synopses, film reviews, letters, short news reports and so on. Candidates may be required to make suggestions, give advice, make and explain a choice, argue for and/or against a position, or discuss the pros and cons of a proposal.
Candidates will be given ten minutes for preparation and will be allowed to make notes. During the discussion they may refer to their notes.


Part B Individual Response (one minute per candidate)

Each candidate will respond individually to an examiner’s question(s), which will be based on the group discussion task. Candidates may be required to make and justify a choice, decide on and explain a course of action, argue for or against a position, and so on.

There are 4 parts in a discussion topic:
1. Theme: the main idea
2. Purpose: the reason(s) for the discussion
3. Content: jot down useful ideas in your notecard
4. Action: the practical or action-based aspects of the task
Think: Why do you need a notecard?
> I may forget my points.
> I want to organize my ideas.
If this is the notecard, how will you make best use of it?
> What format? Point-form or mind-map
> How many? 1-2 points under each topic (Think: Why?)
> How deep? 2-3 examples or reasons for each point
> Anything else? Remarks, e.g.purpose, vocabulary or expressions you want to use
BIG Q: What to rehearse?
Different people have different preference, but an easy way to start is to rehearse the starting because it’s the part that we can have better control.

Initiating the discussion Start the discussion by establishing what the group tasks are and by giving a personal opinion so that the group has something to talk about.

A. Take turns with the other members of the group to speak. (Domination may lead to mark penalty)
B. Respond to other candidates’ comments and points of view.
C. Speak only quality words. In an 8-minute discussion, you can at most speak 4-5 times.
D. Speak with content. Try to add something new to the discussion or help the discussion to move on (not only to a new topic)
 Organize and number your notes into points.
 Note down the main points.
 Note key words only. Don’t write in complete sentences.
 Omit parts of the verb ‘to be’.
 Look out for the linking phrases in the passage
—they will help you to identify main points and examples.
 Note down words in the passage like ‘most, some, a few’
—otherwise you may over-generalise in your presentation, by saying all when you mean most, or none when you mean a few.
 Use abbreviations, symbols, underlining, punctuation, capital letters, etc.
Method 1 Extracting main ideas and disregarding unnecessary words
Method 2 Reading into the writer’s intention
Method 3 Using words with similar meanings
Method 4 Rearranging the order of sentences
Method 5 Interpreting numbers
Method 6 Grouping your points and telling your listeners “how many”

Territory-wide System Assessment (TSA)

Balanced coverage of the learning targets in the three Strands (i.e. Interpersonal Strand (IS), Knowledge Strand (KS) and Experience Strand (ES)) and the four language skills (i.e. listening, reading, writing and speaking)


• 12 or 24 students will be randomly selected from each school.
• Schools will be informed of the ‘Student Sample List’ on the day of
the assessment.
• Each student will attempt one component only.

Coming soon…
Coming soon…
Coming soon…


IELTS, the International English Language Testing System, is designed to assess the language ability of people who want to study or work where English is the language of communication.


IELTS is recognised and accepted by over 9,000 organisations worldwide, including universities, employers, professional bodies, immigration authorities and other government agencies. For a list of organisations that accept IELTS scores,
visit www.ielts.org/recognition.

  在IELTS閱讀測試中,TIME對絕大部分學生,特別是英文閱讀水準相對一般的學生來說,更尤為至關重要。即使是英語為母語的人(NATIVE-ENGLISH SPEAKER)也無法在IELTS測試規定的時間內完全理解所有的詞彙。因此,一定控制好TIME。
  大部分參加(GENERAL MODULE)普通類測試的考生都已離開學校多年,甚至很長時間沒有繼續英文方面的學習。因此,必須盡量每天安排一定的時間,比如說每天一小時,並根據自身英文情況製定一個學習計畫,穩步、系統地學習。
  閱讀訓練︰爭取每天閱讀一定量的原版英文報刊、書籍,並非要讀懂每一 個字,或完全理解,只要能理解其中大至含義既可。 可採取3:1的比例進行泛讀與精讀。
  要增加英語閱讀的速度,當然並非一朝一日即可達到。通常需要相當長一段時間的學習及訓練。但無論如何,應加強英文基礎訓練,掌握必要的測試技巧,從而在現有的英文基礎之上取得最好的成績。  總之,付出越多,斬獲越大。
  應學會詞彙組合(GROUPS OF WORDS)閱讀,如︰  Australia has been a popular choice for thousands of international students over many years.
  1. Australia has been a popular choice (What and Where)
  2. …… for thousands of international students (For whom)
  3. Over many years (How long)
  1. 可以預先得知所要閱讀文章的內容。
  2. 回答什麼問題,及何種問題。
第一章 介紹
1、標題對應︰List of headings
6、完成句子︰Sentence completion──變形的Matching
7、流程圖填空︰Flow charts
概念指示詞︰i.e., that is, that is to say,它們前面是主概念,后面是分支概念


1、***The Economist, Financial Time, Guardian (easy but profound)
2、***National Geography, Science, Nature, Popular Science, New Scientist

1、單詞︰4000單詞+詞組 7000左右

also, apart from, besides, more over, furthermore
but, however, though, although, yet, on the other hand, nevertheless
as, because, for, since, owing to, thanks to, lead to, which in turn, as a result, result in/from, therefore
that is to say, such as, in other wards, for example, for instance
避開︰I, me, you, and, a, the, in, for, at, to
標題對應︰List of headings
this is, that is, it is都是定義句型,專門下定義,出現在首末句則為主題句和選項依據
7、不涉及情態動詞的比較︰如may, must
8、在真實考試中只涉及三個考點詞︰only, all, must。Only常是false少數not given
10、在真實考試中不涉及usually, always, often等詞與題目的比較
in a majority of cases = mostly
in a few cases = ?
more … than, not … but rather, rather … than, both … and, not only … but also, either … or, neither … nor
好與不好,充分與不充分(complete, incomplete, adequate, inadequate, sufficiency, deficiency, lack of, shortage),對等與超越,高低關系
②在各段首末句中都沒提到,答案為not given

三、not given總結
Time will tell, future will prove

二、 各種類型的題的做法
完成句子︰Sentence completion
function, work, help對應
usually, soon, always不能作為考點詞
concept, conception, introduction, definition, explanation, notion, core, essence, justification, what is + 文章主標題
define, justify
basic, intrinsic, fundamental + factors, elements
effect, impact, consequence, generalization, conclusion, summary, result
任何的politics, law, liquidation + of +文章主標題
compare, contrast, rival, similar, match, coincide…with, contrary to, opposite to, versus, akin…to, alien…to
data, figure, demography, demographic, statistic, census, calculation
rate, ratio, percentage, proportion, density
wage, income, cost, expense, expenditure, revenue, salary
decide, generation, ages, long time, long term, long tradition, long process, long procedure, century, heritage
(1)定義句型︰this is, that is, it is
(2)強調句型︰it emphasize, it prefer, it favor, it stress
(3)總結句型︰it summarize, it conclude, it lead to, it imply
result in, result from, derive from, stem from, describe to
1. What’s your name?
  2. Does your name have any special meaning?
  3. Where were you come from?
  4. What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown?
  5. What is the main crop in your hometown?
  6. What is the difference between Beijing and your hometown?
  7. What are the main places of interest in your hometown?
  8. What is the climate like in your hometown?
  9. What is the character of the people like in the region where you live?
  10. What are the differences in accent between the people of your hometown and Beijing?
  11. What is people”s favorite food in your region?
  12. How do you make dumplings?
  13. What do you do during the Spring Festival?
  14. Why is the Spring Festival so important to Chinese people?
  15. Can you describe one of the main festivals celebrated in your country?
  16. Tell me something about the Lantern Festival.
  17. Tell me something about the Qing Ming Festival.
  18. Tell me something about the customs of your country.
  19. How long have you lived in Beijing?
  20. What is the weather like in Beijing?
  21. How do you compare the climate in Beijing with that in your hometown?
  22. What place in Beijing do you like best? Why ?
  23. Which is the worst place you”ve been to China?
  24. Which is the best place you”ve been to China?
  25. What places in Beijing should a foreigner visit? Why?
  26. What are the major social problems in Beijing? How can they be solved?
  27. What is the biggest problem China faces?
  28. What places in Beijing should a foreigner visit? Why?
  29. Could you tell me something about your family?
  30. Have you any children?
  31. What is your child”s name? Does his name have a meaning?
  32. What does your wife/husband do?
  33. When did you get married?
  34. Describe your wedding.
  35. How have weddings changed in recent years?
  36. Are there any special customs about wedding in your region?
  37. Describe a traditional wedding ceremony.
  38. Where did you go for your honeymoon?
  39. Did you have to ask for permission from your parents before you got married?
  40. Is it acceptable for couples to live together without marrying?
41. Where do you think a newly couple should live? Living with their parents or on their own?
  42. What responsibilities should a couple take?
  43. How do Chinese usually celebrate birthdays?
  44. Are there any traditions concerning the birth of a baby?
  45. What kind of parent do you intend to be?
  46. What do you think of One-Child Policy in China?
  47. Why do people in China traditionally want to have a son?
  48. What difficulties do Chinese farmers have concerning their old age?
  49. What do you think needs to be done in order to relieve the farmer”s worries?
  50. What hope or fears do you have for your children?
51. What sort of culture do you hope your child will grow up in?
  52. Are you going to bring up your child differently from the way you were brought up? How?
  53. Do you enjoy shopping?
  54. Who does most of the shopping in your family?
  55. What are you good at cooking? What is your favorite dish?
  56. Who does most of cooking in your family?
  57. Is there *** discrimination in China?
  58. How do you sum up women”s conditions in China?
  59. What are the causes of *** discrimination?
  60. Should government pay certain salaries to those housewives? Why or why not?
  61. Would you want your wife to continue with her career or to stay at home taking care of the household after you get married?
  62. Have you ever wished to be one of the opposite ***? Why (why not)?
  63. What would you do if your next-door neighbour were noisy nearly all the time?
  64. Do you have a lot of friend?
  65. What does friendship mean to you? What kind of people do you make friend with?
  66. What is your major?
  67. How do you like your major?
  68. When and where did you graduate? What qualifications have you obtained?
  69. Do you still remember your school days?
  70. What impressed you most when you were at university?
  71. Which is the best university in your country?
  72. Could you sum up your own study habits in a few points?
  73. What do you think of the practice of setting up key schools in primary and secondary school education in China?
  74. Do you think the subjects you are studying today are relevant to present-day society? Why ?
  75. What do you think education should be? Should it be a process of learning what is useful for your future life or should it be simply learning for enjoyment? Why?
  76. What do you do for a living?
  77. What do you do in the office every day?
  78. Since your job seems too professional to me, could you explain it in detail?
  79. What are your job prospects?
  80. If you had the opportunity to change your job, what would you do with it?
81. Do you have any ambitious?
  82. Will any possible future changes affect your job in any way?
  83. What are your spare time interests?
  84. How do you spend your weekends?
  85. What is your favorite sport? What are the rules?
  86. What is the most popular sport in your country?
  87. What are the sporting facilities like in your university/Beijing?
  88. What do you know about Qigong? Do you believe in Qigong?
  89. What do you do in your spare time?
  90. Do you often read newspapers? If not, why ones do you read?
  91. What do you think of computer?
  92. Do you think computer has changed our life so much?
  93. Do you often go to the cinema/theatre?
  94. What kind of films do you like best?
  95. Do you often watch TV? What is your favorite program?
  96. Do you think watching TV too much is a waste of time?
  97. What kind of music do you enjoy?
  98. Who is your favorite film star? Will you describe him/her to me?
  99. Do you enjoy travelling?
  100. Where have you been travelling to? Which place interested you most?
101. Do you smoking?
  102. Do you think smoking is a problem that needs special attention and has to be solved? If so, why?
  103. What do you know about ABC?
  104. What problem do you think you will have in ABC?
  105. How will you overcome the difficulties?
  106. Do you think you will be able to cope with English-demands of your intended study program in ABC?
  107. What difficulties do you think you’ll encounter in your studies in ABC?
  108. Can you imagine what life in Britain/Canada/Australia/London, etc. would be like?
  109. How will you fare in Britain/Canada/Australia, etc. without your family?
  110. What do you intend to study?
  111. Which university are you going to study at?
  112. Why did you choose this university?
  113. Where are you going to study in ABC?
  114. What are you plans in ABC?
  115. What is your research proposal all about?
  116. What do you hope for most from your study abroad?
  117. Will your study abroad help your job prospects after come back to China?
  118. Should you study more theory or do more practice? Give your reasons, please.
  119. What kind of differences in the cultures are you expecting between China and the ABC?
  120. How will your study in Britain benefit your work in China when you come back to China?
 121. What do you intend to do after you finish studying?
  122. What will be your main problem when you are study in a foreign country?
  123. What problem can you foresee in the future when you come back to China?
  124. Will there be any adjustment problems in your life when you come back to China? If so, what are they?
  125. Will you have to make any changes in your work/life when you come back to China?
  126. Do you think there will be a gap between your knowledge gained in China and the level of knowledge you are going to encounter on arrival? If so, what will it be?
  127. What do you think of the future of China keeps an open policy?
  128. What do you regard as the most significant events in your country’s recent history?
  129. Are there any special places you want to see in Canada? What are they?
  130. What do you especially want to do in Canada?
  131. How do you like your life in ABC University?
  132. What do you think of the training in the university?
  133. In what way do you think university training is helpful or falls short?
  134. What aspect of English do you find the most difficult?
  135. Do you find American English easier to understand than Britain English?
  136. What sports are played in your country?
  137. Could you describe the traditional architecture of your country?
  138. What role dose religion play in everyday life in your country?
  139. What would you regard as the most significant events in your country”s recent history?
  140. How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues?
  141. Could you tell me why you chose to study at the university of ABC?
  142. What role dose tourism play in your country”s economy?
  143. How serious is unemployment in your country?
  144. In your opinion, what are the most serious problems associated with modern life?
  145. What do you think have been the most important changes in your field over the past 5 years?
  146. What are you going to major in ?
  147. Are you going to do your own cooking when you are at university?
  148. Some local students feel that overseas students get preferential treatment. What is your opinion?
  149. Do you think you will be able to cope with the English-language demands of your intended program?
  150. What do you think are the main causes of road accidents?
  151. Do you think the government is doing enough to prevent road accidents?
  152. As there are more and more private cars, what do you think the government should do in order to encourage citizens to use public transport?
  153. How do you see yourself in ten years” time?
  154. Have you ever thought to have your own business?
  155. What business do you hope to have?
  156. Do you know about any policies about opening a business abroad?
  157. What are your plans for your future?
  158. Why do you think there are more and more people leaving to immigrate to other countries?
  159. Is it good for China that so many people are going to other countries?
  160. Will your life change a lot after you immigrate to ABC?
  161. What will you do if you are ill abroad?
  162. Do you know what to do in case of emergency?
  163. What will do if you cannot find a job in ABC?
  164. Why do you want to immigrate to ABC?
  165. What will you do after the IELTS test?
  166. What will do if you fail the IELTS test?
  167. What”s your dream job?
  168. How long have you been learning English?
  169. What troubles you most at the moment?
  170. Does your family support your decision on going ABC? What help do they offer?
1.sign sb 與(球員明星)簽約
2.be heavily influenced by
3.His fee was then a British record of $ 28 million.
4.Despite repeated criticism, A has always been supportive of sb.
5.A is struggling to fight for….
6.It’s an opportunity for sb to experience the coaching style of
7.De123ce has been a trademark of his team.
8.But A’s problem this past year was more about sth than anything else.
9.The way you have the best chance to win a championship is to….
10.The big question still remains, …
11.Will workers be OK with having to do more work?
12.A competent plan that we can follow and be successful with
13.government policy and market force
14.As far as saying that I’m going to do sth, there is nothing specific right now.
15.maximize the potential of sb
16.focus much of one’s attention on
17.gain reputation as 被(人們)尊為…..
18.His dedication and love for the game earned him the respect of others.
19.Unlike education or business, football offers a fast route out of grinding poverty.
21.Analysts said that sport in general has become a social elevator. 提高人的社會地位
22.bold exploration
23.need to be developed to meet/satisfy increased demand.
24.at a primary stage of development
26.I’m a native of Jiangsu province
27.lifetime occasion 人生大事(結婚等)
28.The number of A has been on the rise for the past decade.
29.choose a happy and easy way to do sth instead of being bound by tradition
30.Sun Zhongshan paved the way toward a Chinese utopia, but
could only show it on paper.
31.A, to some degree, lack the imagination of westerners.
32.A believed it could help transform China from a decaying country into a fresh and new one.
33.Sci-fi peaked in the 1970s. 科幻小說
34.Many firms use tactics designed to hide their intent to
gather and profit from the data they collect.
35.We have done our part to provide up-to-date info.
36.With a shared vision for the future, 21st century will
38.motivate sb to do
39.provide easy access to English education for learners
40.The hosting of the 2008 Olympic games
41.the outbreak of SARS
42.exert a lot of pressure on me to do sth
43.The hope of….was shattered when we heard the news.
44.I have still got a big future ahead of me.
45.I are planning on playing football for as long as I continue
to enjoy it.
46.It is never route to win a world title.
47.premarital * and homo*uality
48.My whole life is exposed to my parents, I hate this feeling.
49.Since they have had less freedom, they’ve gone in pursuit of
50.No doubt, the development of information technology has
contr123ted its bit in broadening or bending the minds of the 80’s
51.get in touch via QQ
52.The Internet is so much more to A than you can imagine.
53.a aspiring student
54.After years of ups and downs
55.It’s a lot more mainstream, I think, than people realize.
57.women outnumber men 2-to-1 with the disease
58.This in part, prompted her participation in the campaign.
59.stem the spread of disease
60.remake its image as a center of international activities
61.His subtle smile made him curious.
62.Boys have a strong tendency to fight than girls.
63.Freedom of action is one of inviolable rules of human
64.Their furniture was chosen for utility rather than for
65.He welcomes us with artificial smile on his face.
66.A doctor like him is a disgrace to our hospital.
67.He was so steadfast to his principles that we couldn’t move
68.Her thrift saved her enough money to buy a house.
69.Her father gave her the alternative of doing A or doing B.
70.Vegetables are widely known for their health benefits.
71.Too much alcohol makes all my senses blunt.
72.The new generation of phones has features that can be used
for teaching purpose.
73.technical foul 技術犯規///free throw 罰球///field goal
進球得分///three-point shot///out-of-bound 界外
74.Believe you me! 你最好相信我!
75.”settle for sth” means reluctantly accept sth that is not so
76.credibility problem
77.The fact has silenced the doubters.
78.It’s staging a remarkable comeback.
79.At Yahoo, spontaneity is out, order is in.
80.Wait a few years before we judge them as a group.
81.Different people have different views.
82.paint a picture of young people insecure about their future
and deciding to do…
83.The book succeeded in doing a number of things,….
84.be quickly adopted by the media
85.It fails to take into account individual traits and
differences between people of same age or background.
86.They are seen to share a general attitude.
87.Great strides have been made in science since 1950.
88.We had a very fruitful discussion in the classroom.
89.in urgent need of medical supplies///overshadow sth
90.There ‘s evidence to suggest that the onion has a high level
of nutrition.
91.A is believed to have the ability to prevent disease.
92.Rest is as crucial as exercise.
93.Proponents say cyclic fitness duplicates the physiology of
how humans evolved.
95.They will not ,he believes, get the health benefits(such as
losing weight) without putting sufficient time into their
96.redraw the line between what is private and public
97.The SARS outbreak deprived A of the chance to display her
98.But,on second thought, I see that
99.give more weight to
100.His “sleepless in the dorm” problem is hardly unique.
101.an 11pm light-out rule 11點熄燈
102.Judge me on the basis of result, and not on style.
103.You must calculate all the advantages and disadvantage
before coming to a discussion.
104.convenience store 便利店
105.guarantee financial security
106.win a place as 佔有一席之地
107.the world beyond the school walls.
108.market segment 市場份額
109.The price of sugar soars.
110.With continued growth it will surpass Japan by 2020.
111.The long-term trends lend support to the optimistic view.
112.on the cover of magazine
113.That is my priority.
114.We must be more selective in what we choose.
115.A can make fiction a reality in this decade.
116.give sb an edge over sb 給予…..競爭的優勢
117.A have much in common with successful feature films
118.A computer game eats up millions of do123rs in research and
development-not to mention several years of time.
119.The document has the planning of technical implementation
with which the designers and programmers can get down to work.
120.A lot of time passes before the script is ready.
121.It was an enormous task to make the game come alive.
122.Beyond the programming efforts, such games need fine graphic
123.The things that they catch or miss often determine whether a
game will become a top seller or a failure.
124.In the US, the sale of liquor is restricted to people less
than 21 years old.
125.It is a reminder that, behind their smiles and skills, they
are as imperfect as the rest of us.
126.Tunes fuelling growth in cell phone market.
127.The mood was light.
128.greet each other by saying….
129.There are so many novel things there.
130.China’s Internet population hit 68 million by the end of
131.Netizens between the ages of 18 and 30 are the driving
132.As the number of china’s Internet users grows so does the
junk mail.
133.Volunteers help develop backward regions.
134.have gone through a similar progression.
135.Following ringer tones(手機鈴聲) in popularity are games.
136.We’ve had a doubling of the number of a every month since
137.The coming month promise even more content.
138.in the very near future
139.acquire knowledge (“learn knowledge” is wrong!)
140.We study science to gain insight into the world we live in.
141.The doctor had great prestige among the members of his
142.The trend of modern living is away from many customs.
143.They made a systematic search for the lost car.
144.I hesitated about taking his side until I know the whole
145.He reacted my question with much surprise.
146.Her plan was upset by the change of the weather.
147.You must learn to behave in a mature way.
148.The economic gap between A and B has been narrowed.
149.You stood me up. 放我鴿子
150.China is offering preferential politics to encourage
retuning scholars to start their own business.
151.The government was accused of paying insufficient attention
to the growing AIDS crisis.
152.More than 55% of the people questioned in a recent sina.com
survey said that….
154.As the water unexpectedly hot, he jerked his hand out.
155.What bliss it is to be able to lie in bed instead of
156.He’ll start receiving a pension after he retires.
157.Old ones are usually more conservative than young people.
158.Such a movie is not wholesome to children.
159.Justice must not be denied to anyone, however poor he may
160.endanger one’s health
161.The number of A will be doubled in 1 year.
162.The company allows us an annual vacation of two weeks.
163.We read the newspaper to keep up with the current situation.
164.The only beneficiaries are consumers and retailers.
165.Price adjustment is a normal market activity.
166.A happy work environment is a productive work environment.
167.Those days were terrible because I was under heavy pressure
and had no escape if I failed.
168.bet my future on more study.
169.A school can only be a temporary buffer against social
risks. One day, they have to go out.
170.Education has become a lengthier process.
171.But fear of joblessness is not the only thing that sends
grads back home.
172.helpful to keep a line between work and personal life.
173.professional conflicts of interest.
174.compete for the same promotion 為同一個競升職位而競爭
175.Most importantly, an office relationship might make the
loves believe that they have a lot more in common than they
actually do.
176.Sad breakups show that love and work make a disastrous mix.
177.jet lag 時差
178.Many students share the same opinion that…
179.find a job that is related to their professional knowledge
180.We shouldn’t have such high expectations on our future jobs.
181.slid(slide) from fourth to seventh
182.Students are no exception.學生沒有例外
183.When you take shoes off plants nearby die and small birds
fall to earth unconscious.
184.Time to do sth
185.Be most upbeat about future
186.A is already being feted as the new “king of ..” but time
will tell whether he is the real deal.
187.Today,everyone everywhere recognizes A.
188.For underneath all the posing and preening is a man who puts
his family’s desires alongside his own.
189.have a passion for sth
190.They remain, underneath all the brashness, traditionalists
at heart.
191.A great many cancers can be cured, but only if properly
treated before they begun to spread.
192.He left his successful business and life of luxury to become
a monk.
193.be appropriate for
194.relevant evidence
195.You should not appropriate other people’s belongings without
their permission.
196.consider all of the possibilities carefully.
197.His wages are not adequate to support his family.
198.A man who is careless in what he does will never succeed.
199.It’s impolite behavior to smoke in…
200.The ice on the roads is a hazard for driving and walking.
201.The ugly advertisement is a blot on the beautiful landscape.
202.Very rarely do de123ders become world wide superstars, but A

203.Various controversy have arisen in the university over this
204.At the party, there was food and drink in abundance.
205.He judges people by mere external clothes rather than
internal character.
206.Teaching little children usually requires infinit patience.
207.The main street is crowed with vehicles.
208.I like them as a reminder that the future can be anything we
want to make it.
209.go into the politics
210.No doubt about it.
211.With the movies as my tutor I also do sth.
212.What would Jazz be without ..
213.It’s just a term.
214.China is not developed to its fullest potential
215.The broken lock facilitated my entrance into that empty
216.Despite the opposition from his family,he remained resolute
in his decision.
217.The habit of travelling by air is becoming more prevalent
each year.
218.The answer to the question is affirmative.
219.a petty problem
220.They deprived the criminal of his right to vote.
221.She could not restrain her curiosity to see what was in the
222.Will you swear to the truth of your statement?
223.Scientists are now on the threshold of a better
understanding of how the human brain works.
224.Fame,power,wealth — all is vanity before death.
225.I have a sensation that …
227.We attr123te Edison’s success to intelligence and hard work.
228.Our friendship began with a casual meeting.
229.There are hundreds of children who need to be nourished.
230.a exclusive club
231.The discipline of his early hardships contr123ted to his
232.Because of advances in medical technology,heart surgery is
not as risky as it formorly was.
233.She took the initiative in getting acquainted with sb.
234.She has supersition that breaking a mirror brings bad luck.
235.This one would be even more demanding. 要求更高
236.bring many benefits and conveniences to people
237.The establish of more courses that are contr123tory to the
shaping of a sound psychology for students in high school derives
form the current social demand.
238.The evcr-increasing improvement in all the realms of human
life has necessitated the priority particitation of those who are
in possession of adequate expertise, upright conduct and a
competent mental condtion.
239.be beneficial to both A and to society as a whole
240.enable sb to stand the sundry emotional social strains
241.exert a huge influence upon…
242.when the naivety of childhood is left behind and maturity of
adulthood is embraced
243.A is only the preliminary stage in the process of growing
244.Sport is an important part of modern life as well as a
commercialized part of modern society.
245.People engage in sports because they want good health.
246.They sacrifice too much.
247.It’s not unreasonable that…. …不無道理
248.Sb should be more supportive of..
249.It’s a fact that traditional culture is undergoing a decline
with the development of science and technology.
250.It’s human nature to continually look for new ways to
replace old ones.
251.dispel the mist and explain many phenomena that we thought
of as mysteries in the past
252.both the senior citizens and the youth
253.Only this way can the essence the of traditional culture be
inherited as it should be.
254.Zoos provide recreation and refreshment for fatigued urban
255.dreamlands for small children
256.dragon’s descendants 龍的傳人
257.add to their knowledge something they will never acquire in
the classroom
258.research facilities
259.gradually rises to 10% at 8:00 and maintains the same for
the next 2 hours
260.There is … increase … ,however, after that it drops.
261.During the period from .. to .. , the output increased.
262.This is not a matter of the-earlier-the-better when we
discuss sth.
263.It’s difficult for them to cope with problems that others
find easy to handle.
264.near-sightedness and stunted growth
265.sb should be on guard against sth.
266.Many people hold optimistic attitude towards… ,and are
confident of the positive alterations it will bring to the present
268.People who believe in different religions may learn to give
understanding to one another.
269.I hope you will place strong emphasis on living a healthy
life in order to be truly happy.
270.The ‘healthy’ in question refers to being at the same time
mentally and physically healthy.
271.From this prospective, sb can be considered as…
272.receive higher education
273.His work is more meaningful to the society he lives in.
274.Economists and merchants may serve as perfect examples to
verify this point.
275.One’s earning can not be solely determined by his education
276.We should decide how we are to define “personal income”
before finally judging who should own more.
277.He set the tone in the house. 在家裡說了算
278.There is not a great deal of difference between A and B.
279.The figures bottomed out in …
280.This is one of the side effects brought about by this modern world.
281.Failure to take this responsibility constitutes delinquency as parents.
282.be eliminated from the chance to get a proper education
283.The juvenile crime rate will undoubtedly be rapidly brought
down and controlled.
284.The overwhelming burden of educating children falls upon the
teachers’ shoulders.
285.job market
286.I feel that it is not too much to say that modern technology
has reduced human beings to being slaves of machines.
287.care nothing about job satisfaction and enjoying life
288.but modern society makes this prospect less and less likely
289.This can serve as an incentive for successful enterprises to
attract talented workers.
290.Fast food, as its name implies, is usually quick to prepare.
291.It saves your time.So that you can devote more energy to
your work and gain competitive edge.
292.it is less tasty and less nutrition
293.Traditional foods generally involve elaborate preparations.
294.Like it or not, it is here to stay.
295.The co-existance of the two kinds of foods only makes our
life more colorful.
296.People can no longer afforded to be computer-illiterate.
297.This will put this childern in an unfaorable position in the
future job market.
298.You can still use your mind to think when you have a
computer,and the use of computer and training in writing and
calculate are not mutually cxclusive.
299.potential harmful impact on sb
300.such worries have proved to be unfounded
301.They don’t care about winning or losing.
302.produce better foodstuffs in terms of quality and quantity
303.GM(Genetically modified) technology opens a new dimension
for scientific research.
304.bring the whole plant growth process under our control
305.With careful regulation and control, the advantages wil far
outweight the disadvantages.
306.high tuition fees 複數
307.make sure that money does not corrupt this international
goodwill sports gathering
308.dissolve tensions between countries and promote harmony
between their people
309.deter would-be crimials
311.private proerty is inviolable
312.did a great service for society
313.He is faced with problem of finding a high-paying job
related to his past studies and interest.
314.pursure sth to the highest extent
315.For people fresh from universities,experience is what they
are in great need of.
316.Work experience is equivalent to work expertise.
317.Conversely, aiming at a position beyond one’s ability at the
beginning of the interview,thought it appears to show
ambition,usually proves to be impractical,and is therefore doomed
a failure.
318.This dose involve some expence in terms of good food and
medical treatment.
320.They only eat the leftovers of family meals
321.Sensational stories such as these cause great uhappiness to
the people concerned.
322.They are highly-skilled professionals who are aware of all
the latest development in their fields of interest.
323.develop many interpersonal skills and become more
tolerate,more emotionally mature
324.They adapt so much to weatern culture that they have
problems readjusting when they finally return home.
325.infrastructure such as road system and electricity supply
326.Both government and private groups can share in the
provision of most services.
327.sth is not an essential feature of modern education.
328.I believe that sth can lead to many problems, which might
not be solved easily.
329.Jealousy can be very destructive, especiall at an early age.
330.There are often many difficult issues to cope with.
331.Today’s youth are better informed than their parents were,
and, therefore, might be more capable of making a relationship
332.cut short one’s lifetime
333.sth may be right logically,they are certainly wrong morally.
334.arrange sb’s time
335.handle various unexpected crisis
336.Whether or not a part-time job is useful for a student’s
future depends on the type of job chosen.
337.The tuition fees, not to mention the cost of living, are
soaring by the day.
338.benefit not only A, but also B as well
339.Nevertheless, along with convenicnces, it has brought
mankind new problems to solve.
340.Internet can vastly improve the efficiency of scientific
341.pronograghic items
342.It’s shortsighted to do A instead of ..
343.Any country which falls behind in the “information race”
will become economically backward.
344.China is still struggling to achieve modernization.
345.But I’m far from advocating neglect of culture and art.
346.enhance their sense of identity and solidarity
347.make students proud of belonging to their school
348.Besides, uniforms enhance discipline, which is what most
young students lack.
349.sth result in hostility toward…
350.military uniforms 軍裝
351.People’s suitability for a position should be a reflection
of their performance in the job.
352.Workers who can still demonstrate the capacity to carry out
their work should not be asked to retire simply because they have
reached a certain age.
353.You may do well to look again at their policies.
354.While a person can study a foreign language in his or her
country, it can not compare with constant use of the language in
academic and everyday use.
355.There is no better opportunity to improve second-language
skills than living in the country which it is spoken.
356.living and studying abroad offers me a new and different
perspective of the world
357.While any anxiety about A is certainly understandable, it is
important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience
make it well worthwhile.
358.The media,representing the value of their owners,tend to
report wars with a bias.
359.clothing styles
360.A popular figure such as Michael Jackson would never be so
well known were it hot for the media’s extensive reach into every
society on the globe.
361.For a parent with young children,this may be a blessing.
362.One substantial benefit for sb is that there will be no need
to travel to work.
363.Sth will serve not only to change the way we work but also
the way we live.
364.Sb should engage in educational pursuits in their spare
365.It’s not contr123tive to do sth in the process of growing
366.take painting or drawing
367.The experience of researching and understanding is both
useful and thoroghly satisfying.
368.It’s true that in today’s competitive age it ‘s essential
for children to be adequately educated in order to be successful
in the future.
369.Playing sports teaches children about cooperation and goals.
370.a wide range of subjects
371.The pressure to do well.
372.It’s not common these days for sb to do
373.the wide gap between these students’ unrealistic vision of
school life and disappointing reality
374.With efforts from both A and B, the prospect of their gap
being bridged is far from dim.
375.sb will develop a confident feeling about themselves as
capable people.
376.But more and more argument arises with the increasing use of
such things.
377.Clothing should be able to illustrate a person’s individual
378.The impression we make on others is often important, but it
can never be important enough to make us willingly undergo
379.The pace of live is becoming faster and faster.
380.This is a matter of personal choice.
381.Sth is of great importance for sb
382.Sb is undergoing fast physical development.
384.A reasonable amount of exercise guarantees a good appetite
and sound sleep at night.
385.The colorful pictures and vivid characters of PC games are
far more exciting than dull black letters in textbooks.
386.contain violence pornography
387.PC games have contr123ted a lot to failing eyesight among
teenagers in recent years.
388.use sth in a more rational and controlled way
389.With one parent at home, the family will enjoy a lot of
advantages that it has never experienced before.
390.There is often something exclusively for adults involved in
them, such as the adoption of *ually appealing scenes.
391.As we know, young people are susceptible to bad influences.
392.Sb try every means possible to attract people’s attention
393.mislead young people in choosing their lifestyles
394.Teachers should give priority to practical courses over such
traditional ones as history and geography.
395.These days there is a growing tendency for college students
to have difficulties in finding jobs when they graduate.
396.hold the opinion that lack of practical knowledge contr123te
to this situation
397.emphasis on practical course is demanded by our
ever-developing society
398.If a student has little knowledge of computers or business,
he will lag behind the times.
399.They are either too theoretical or too academic.
400.There is no denying the fact that…..
401.the balance should be tipped toward practical courses in
school curriculums.
402.Women are more law-abiding than men.
403.The number of vehicles is increasing much more rapidly than
the building of roads.
404.Many people, including drivers, pedestrians do not obey
traffic rules properly, carefully at busy intersections.
405.This undoubtedly worsens the already grave situation.
406. I’m confident that it will not be long before city traffic
in China follows in a smother and more efficient manner.
407.come up with their own solutions to problems they encounter
instead of turning to their parents for help
408.find it easier to adapt to modern society, which is full of
competition when they grow up
409.Children have less time to communicate with their parents,
which may eventually create a gap between them, and weaken family
410.The experience of sth can give children valuable lessons
about how to behave properly.
411.It seems to me that there is more to education than merely
learning from teachers and textbooks.
412.The maintenance of sth is futile.
413.Being traditional is quite different from being out of date.
414.Animals play a vital role in maintaining the subtle balance
of the earth』s ecological system.
415.Therefore, to some extent, killing animals is equal to
digging our own graves.
416.Pigs are used in the battle against drugs.
417.It』s noticed that citizens live longer if they keep pet
after their retirement.
418.For our own future benefit, please do treat sb with love and
419.Sth has led to some unfavorable results.
420.joint activities between relatives
421.If the situation is left to continue as it is, many new
problems for individuals and families, and even for society as a
whole, will arise in the future.
422.University education can not only benefit us by equipping us
with ancestors』 experience but also help us to avoid going off the
right path.
423.social intercourse
424.intense academic atmosphere can guide us to reach a balance
between academic and practical activities.
425.Sb have made great progress in supplying sb with more and
more field trips and practical courses.
426.accululate experience helpful for our future enterprises
427.from the historical prospective
428.achieve spectacular business success
429.have every reason to lend support in
430.suffer under the colonial rule of western powers
431.the further development of rich countries is dependent upon
433.be under an obligation to give sb a helping hand in
improving sth
434.The situation is completely unacceptable.
435.make allowance for 體諒
436.is a necessary supplement to the knowledge they gain from
school course
437.reinforce children』s sense of responsibility
438.help them understand the famous saying」 no pain no pain」
439.corporal punishment
440.numerous studies have been done on
441.The mission of educating the young to be useful to society
and to avoid wrongdoing can be fulfilled in many ways.
442.should learn more about the inner world of youngsters, try
to understand them, and guide them to acquire a sense of
443.Whether sth is the best measure for handing any problem
caused by children is up to the parents to decide—not the schools.
445.disturb the natural balance
446.a powerful corrective
447.Don』t forget to flush. 便後要衝水
448.dyed yellow hair
449.It is not absolute that an intelligent couple will have a
clever child.
450.a more environmentally friendly place to live
451.the dangerous gas given off by exhausts of cars , bus and
452.plain looking face 平凡的長相

Living English / 生活英語 🙂

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    HKDSE Paper 2

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    Reading & Writing Mock Paper coming soon…




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    HKU, Master of Education (香港大學教育碩士)

    English Language Studies
    (1) Grade A: Literature;
    (2) Grade A: Language Awareness, Grammar & Lexis;
    (3) Grade A: Spoken Discourse; and
    (4) Grade A: Phonetics & Phonology

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    HKU, PGDE (香港大學教育文憑)

    Grade A: English Language Teaching (Action Research Studies)

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    CUHK, Bachelor of Social Science (中文大學社會科學學士)

    Psychology (Specialised in Clinical and Health Psychology)

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    HKCEE (香港中學會考)

    (1) Grade A: English Language
    (2) Grade A: Additional Mathematics
    (3) Grade A: Mathematics
    (4) Grade A: Physics
    (5) Grade A: Chemistry
    (6) Grade A: Biology
    (7) Grade B: Chinese Language
    (8) Grade B: Economics



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    Liebestraum Music & Education Centre 教育中心課程總監

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…也是一個keen reader。

最喜歡的作家是Paulo Coelho, Roald Dahl 和Milan Kundera。

Be thankful. The positive energy inside you will open your eyes wider and bring you further.
Be humble. Trust me you can always learn something from everyone and everything you meet.
Be ready and bold. Stay alert when overcoming challenges. What’s left is timing. When the chance comes, seize it.Janice Lai
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